- Socialist Communications Plan: Build a communications system based on the rotary telephone.
- Progressive Action: Declared unconstitutional in 1982, on Aug. 1, 1918 President Wilson socialized communications.
- Result: Communications innovation was locked into rotary telephones for nearly a century.
- Socialist Transportation Plan: Build an economy based on burning oil with the 25 mpg efficiency of the Model-T.
- Progressive Action: The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1916 in direct violation of Federalism, Divided Sovereignty as specified in the Preamble, post Roads, Ports, Necessary and Proper, and Commerce clauses, and restated in Amendments 9 and 10.
- Result: Replaced 46% of 470 ton-mpg railroads with 25 mpg roads, creating the Root Cause of Climate Change, perpetual oil-wars, foreign oil addiction, and $22 trillion in Federal debt buying foreign oil.
The Boston Tea Party was a demonstration against a government transportation monopoly that triggered a war. To preempt war, the Constitutional Convention voted 8 state to 3 to forbid Federal taxing for highways and canals beyond what was essential to defend free speech. See: the “post Roads” and “Ports” restrictions in Article 1, Sections 8 and 9.
Since Madison, powerful congressmen have wanted to tax all Americans to fund pork projects in their districts. There are 21 Presidential veto messages defending Americans from such taxing.
- Socialist Energy Plan: Build an economy based on burning coal to power a central grid.
- Progressive Action: FDR’s Rural Electrification Act of 1936.
- Result: The entire Sustainable Energy Industry was wiped out for most of a century. This industry had been installing up to 80,000 windmills a year. Subsequently, approximately 600,000 windmills were abandoned in favor of burning coal and creating the other Root Cause of Climate Change.
"The powers delegated by the proposed Constitution to the federal government are few and defined. Those which are to remain in the State governments are numerous and indefinite. The former will be exercised principally on external objects, as war, peace, negotiation, and foreign commerce; with which last the power of taxation will, for the most part, be connected. The powers reserved to the several States will extend to all the objects which, in the ordinary course of affairs, concern the lives, liberties, and properties of the people, and the internal order, improvement, and prosperity of the State.”
The Federal government has unlimited taxing powers for its limited sovereignty over issues of war and peace.
All taxing for welfare is State Sovereignty. There can be Federal welfare programs such as highways and Social Security, but states must tax the individuals, not the Federal government. The States then fund the Federal programs and hold them accountable for the efficacy. “Ambition must be made to counter ambition.”
Since the 16th, 17th, and 18th Amendments, Federal authorities have mixed war powers with the commercial self-interests of the Governing. States and cities have become supplicants begging for Federal handouts. Federal infrastructures created a “needful” majority (Federalist #10) willing to mortgage children for $22 trillion more in benefits that it was willing to pay in taxes.